v The first Sherlock Holmes adventure was A Study in Scarlet, followed by The Sign of Four. Doyle then wrote several short story collections and novels, most notably The Hound of the Baskervilles.
v The main inspiration for Sherlock Holmes was Joseph Bell, one of Doyle's professors at university. The resemblance (podobnosť) was so close that fellow writer Robert Louis Stevenson noticed, writing to Doyle, "My compliments on your very ingenious and very interesting adventures of Sherlock Holmes. ... can this be my old friend Joe Bell?"
v Another inspiration was "The Murders in the Rue Morgue" by the American, Edgar Allan Poe. It was the first ever detective story. Doyle said, “Where was the detective story until Poe breathed the breath of life into it?”
v Doyle had a hard time writing stories about Sherlock, and grew to dislike the series' popularity. In 1891 he wrote to his mother, "I think of slaying [killing] Holmes ... and winding him up for good and all. He takes my mind from better things." His mother wrote back, "You won't! You can't! You mustn't!"
v Doyle tried raising his asking price for Sherlock Holmes stories to ridiculous levels, and was shocked to see publishers agree, making him the best paid writer of his time.
v In 1891, Doyle created the arch nemesis, Professor Moriarty, to kill Holmes in the story Final Problem. But fans were so upset that he kept writing many more stories about Sherlock.
v Because of Sherlock Holmes's popularity, many other authors have also written stories about him, including Doyle's son, Adrian, who published twelve short stories in 1954. Stephen King wrote one in 1993, where, for once, Dr. Watson solves the case before Holmes.
v Sherlock Holmes has been the subject and inspiration for countless plays, radio and television shows, and films, most recently directed by Guy Ritchie, and featuring Robert Downy Jr. as Holmes, and Jude Law as Dr. Watson.